A comprehensive guide for speed bumps
Do you know what is traffic calming and what are the different traffic calming measures used in different countries? Traffic calming is simply the use of various traffic calming options and tools to reduce the speed of speeding vehicles and offer protection to pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, bicyclists, and other vehicular drivers.
A wide range of tools such as road bumps, speed humps, speed tables, stop signs, ramps, rumble strips, regulatory signs, road signs, and traffic cones are used as traffic control devices in different parts of a country. They collectively diminish the number of road fatalities and vehicular crashes.
Speed bumps in the road are installed to manage traffic-flow and offer traffic safety and pedestrian safety. Keep reading the article to learn everything about speed bumps.
Introduction to speed bumps
One of the most frequently asked questions about speed bumps is ‘what is a speed bump’. A simple answer to this question is that a speed-bump is a traffic-control tool that has a raised section. A vehicle has to reduce its speed up to 20 miles per hour (mph) to drive over the speed bump safely.
When you look into the history about speed bumps and search for who invented speed bumps, you will learn that these tools were invented in 1953 by Arthur Holly Compton, a noble prize holder American physicist.
The main role of speed bumps is to control city traffic in high pedestrian traffic areas, including a work zone, school zone, pedestrian zone, and street parking space. The purpose of speed bumps is to slow-down a bicyclist, cyclist, and motor-vehicle on traffic lanes, bike lanes, and roadways.
Why should you use speed bumps?
If you are interested in installing speed bumps, you should first learn why use speed bumps. Like other tools such as a rumble-strip, speed breaker, speed table, speed hump, speed cushion, warning sign, pedestrian signal, speed limit sign, and orange cone, there are different pros and cons of speed bumps as well.
Here are the primary benefits of speed bumps that will tell you why you need to use them.
- Speed bumps force vehicles to travel at a low speed in a slow zone where the risk of collision between pedestrians and vehicles is high.
- They decrease the risk of fatalities that happen every year when vehicular drivers exceed speed limits at roundabouts, roadways, and intersections.
- Speed bumps also create a sense of safety among pedestrians in a high foot traffic area. They make roads safer for people walking on foot.
- Speed bumps decrease the probability of collision between vehicles. This way, they protect expensive cars from being damaged due to the carelessness of drivers.
Though speed bumps have several advantages, there are some problems with speed bumps as well. These problems or cons are:
- Speed bumps cause noise pollution. When vehicles travel over them at high speed, they produce unwanted noise. This can be especially disturbing in areas that need to be quiet such as schools, universities, etc. In such areas, using alternatives to speed bumps might be the right option.
- Speed bumps may also damage a passenger-car. There is a connection between damages and speed bumps. When vehicles accidentally drive over them at high speed, their tires and internal parts may get damaged due to the sudden jump.
Different kinds of speed bumps
Before you go out in the market to buy speed bumps, it is important you first learn about different types of speed bumps. This section has provided a list of speed bump types with a brief explanation of each type to help you understand them correctly.
Based on materials for speed bumps, this tool can be divided into the following categories.
- The first form is rubber speed bumps. These speed bumps are flexible and absorb the impact of tires. They produce less noise pollution compared to other types.
- The second form is plastic speed bumps. These speed bumps are also a bit flexible; thus, they cause less damage to the vehicle and produce less noise.
- The third form is concrete speed bumps. They are the hardest among all; that is why they cause damage to vehicles and noise pollution.
- The fourth form is asphalt speed bumps. Like concrete, asphalt is also the hardest material compared to other materials. It is used on roads that experience heavy oncoming traffic.
- The fifth form is metal speed bumps. They are generally made up of steel and preferably installed on heavy traffic roads.
On the basis of speed bump styles, this tool can be divided into the following types.
- The first form is square speed bumps. As the name suggests, they come in a square shape.
- The second form is circular speed bumps. They are circular and are installed on the pavement in a line at a particular distance.
- The third form is portable speed bumps. They are temporary speed control solutions that you can remove or install in a few minutes.
- The fourth form is rumble stripes. They cause vibration to the vehicle and inform the driver of the danger.
Installation of speed bumps
The process of speed bump installation is simple, and you can install speed bumps on your own if you can use drilling machines to insert bolts in the pavement. There are different speed bump standards that you should be aware of before installing them on city streets and roads.
It means speed bump and UK regulations are different from the speed bump USA regulations. No matter where you live, you should contact the department of transportation to learn what the local standards of speed bumps are before you install the speed bumps in neighbourhoods.
You should also learn the speed bumps purchasing guide before you invest in this product. It will help you make the right purchase and get the most of this tool.
Top speed bumps brands
Speed bumps, speed signs, traffic signs, parking signs, wheel stops, speed breakers, speed limit signs, traffic barriers, speed cushions, bollards, and sign-posts are all beneficial tools you can use to make your unsafe roads safe.
When you drive over speed bumps, make sure you reduce the vehicular speed up to 20 mph. If you drive fast over speed bumps, you may damage the vehicle and your own health. You should also not park on speed bumps, as this is not the purpose of using this tool.
There are different speed bumps in different countries. You should buy the speed bump that is manufactured according to the speed bump regulations of your country.
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