Top 5 frequently-asked-questions about traffic speed humps
Traffic management and traffic safety are the needs of growing cities and towns. Taking the right traffic calming measures and using traffic control devices ensure public safety. That is why municipalities and the department of transportation use different tools to manage and guide traffic movement.
Traffic safety tools reduce the rate of collisions, crashes, and the number of fatalities caused by road accidents. Transportation engineers install a variety of tools like a speed bump, road hump, speed table, speed cushion, speed breaker and warning sign in different areas according to their individual needs.
Speed humps have a raised surface that is spread across the road on its entire width or sometimes up to a few feet. The purpose of using this tool is to slow down the motor-vehicle driver, cyclist, and bicyclist in a pedestrian zone, work zone, or slow zone.
After learning what is a road hump, we can know more. Enlisted below are the top five FAQs related to this beneficial tool.
What are the benefits of using speed humps?
Speed humps are arranged on roadways, parking lots, and city streets to reduce vehicular speed by around 20 miles per hour (mph). They warn cyclists, bicyclists and motorists about the need to reduce speed for the sake of pedestrian safety. So people travelling at high speed diminish their acceleration when they enter a critical area.
Sometimes accidents are inevitable. Under such situations, speed humps decrease the severity of accidents and associated injuries, helping save precious lives. When you install these tools, there is no need for police enforcement officials on the roads to guide people about speed-limits. The tool can serve the same purpose.
Another benefit of speed humps is that they are available in many sizes, colours, and materials, including recycled plastic, rubber, and steel. So you will have many options to choose from according to your speed limits needs.
They can be installed around a variety of places such as asphalt pavement, pedestrian crossing, roadway, roundabout, street parking, and school crossing to provide safety and protection to pedestrians and drivers.
Do speed humps reduce the response time of emergency vehicles?
Yes, speed humps decrease the emergency-response time of an emergency vehicle like a fire truck or ambulance. These vehicles need to reach their destination quickly. But when they travel on roads that have speed humps, speed bumps and rumble strips, they are forced to reduce their speed which ultimately reduces their response time.
That is why the federal highway administration and local municipality should first contact the emergency vehicle department before installing traffic calming tools on the road. They should avoid installing traffic control tools on roads that are frequently used by fire trucks, emergency buses, etc.
Besides this disadvantage, another con of speed humps is that they can damage vehicles that drive over them frequently or hit them at high speed. Municipalities should install warning signs, sign-posts, and street lighting to warn the driver as well as the pedestrian in advance about speed-limit needs and the presence of speed humps.
How to install a speed hump in your parking lot?
If you are a parking lot owner and your parking space has a risk of accidents, installing speed humps and other traffic safety tools might be the best idea. Rubber speed humps are easy to carry and install tools. You can install them on your own in a few minutes by following the steps explained below.
- Step 1: Get a speed hump, drilling machine, bolts, and wedge anchor. Make sure the speed hump is according to your local regulations related to the tool. It should also be according to the size of the lane where you want to install it.
- Step 2: Place the speed hump on the selected area and mark its bolt holes with chalk.
- Step 3: Now drill holes where speed hump bolt holes are actually situated.
- Step 4: Sweep the area to remove dust and debris.
- Step 5: Place the speed hump back to its place above the marked area.
- Step 6: Hammer the wedge anchor inside each hole and then lock it in place to ensure it does not move from its place or go inside the concrete.
- Step 7: Fix and tighten the bolt inside the hole. Do not tighten the bolt too much; doing so may damage the speed hump bolt hole.
Now your speed hump is set to be used. You can draw pavement markings around it or install speed ramps, speed signs, traffic cones, reflective stop signs, road bumps, and bollards around it to make it more effective and beneficial for people using your parking space.
What length of a speed hump should you use?
There are many important factors that people consider before purchasing a speed hump, and length is one of those factors. Selecting the wrong length of a speed hump will waste not only your money but also your time. Therefore, make sure you make the right decision.
Most agencies use speed humps having 12 to 14 feet travel length. But it is better to check the size of your road or street before selecting a speed hump.
Other factors that you need to keep in mind when buying road humps for speed control purposes are material, colour, manufacturer, and durability.
How to get speed humps installed in your streets?
If you are concerned about the lack of traffic calming devices in your area, you can request your local municipality to install them. There is a legal procedure that you must go through to request their installation.
You will first have to write a petition/application. Ask people living in your neighbourhood and get their signatures on the petition. You may also have to ask your local officials like emergency vehicle service providers etc., to see whether the speed hump will disturb their route or not.
Once you have done all these things, send your petition to your local municipality office. Wait for a few days to get a response. The municipality will check whether your street qualifies for the speed hump or not. For this, they will check if it has a high risk of accidents due to speeding vehicles or your street is rarely used by vehicles.
If your street meets their criteria, they will send professionals to install a speed hump in your street.
Speed humps, traffic signals, traffic signs, parking signs, speed breakers, wheel stops, and city traffic barriers are all traffic control devices that must be installed on roads, roundabouts and traffic circles for the sake of pedestrian safety and road safety.
Rubber speed humps are effective, inexpensive and easy to install tools that you can place on streets and roads that have a high risk of pedestrian-car collision.
You can install them in your private road or driveway if you think they require safety. You can also request your local municipality to install them in your area if vehicles that exceed the average speed limit travel on your roads/streets often.
Speed humps will not only create a sense of safety among people living in your neighbourhood, but they will also significantly reduce the number of road accidents and associated deaths. Make the most of this tool by using other road safety devices around it.
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